List of Youngest Genius of the World.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was the child prodigy par excellence, playing songs on the harpsichord at four years old and composing simple music at five. When he was seven years old, the Mozart family went on the first of several tours to demonstrate the prodigious musical abilities of the young marvel and his elder sister Maria Anna (“Nannerel”), who was also remarkably gifted. So there is no shortage of anecdotes about the young Mozart’s astonishing musical dexterity, memory, and creativity in composition.
Musicologists have since pointed out that Mozart’s feat of memory was extraordinary but maybe not as miraculous as it sounds at first. The Miserere is a somewhat repetitive piece, and Mozart’s transcription probably didn’t include improvised ornamental passages that would have been part of the original performance.
John von Neumann
Biographers report that at the age of six the Hungarian American mathematician John von Neumann was able to joke with his father in classical Greek. As a party trick, the pint-sized prodigy would memorize pages from the telephone book and answer questions about the names, numbers, and addresses or just recite the page from top to bottom.
As an adult, von Neumann came to be regarded as the preeminent mathematician of his era, responsible for major contributions in mathematics, physics, economics, and computer science.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
She showed remarkable intellectual potential early on, learning to read at the age of three, but her gender and her family’s limited finances prevented her from receiving formal education. Eventually, she was sent to live with her maternal grandparents in Mexico City, where she had access to a library. She read voraciously, learning Latin in about 20 lessons. She wrote her first dramatic poem when she was eight years old. Word of her extraordinary intelligence spread, and when she was about 16 she went to the court of the viceroy of New Spain as a lady of the viceroy’s wife. To showcase Juana’s miraculous erudition, the viceroy arranged a public demonstration in which a group of about 40 professors quizzed her on their fields of knowledge. The depth and breadth of her knowledge astonished onlookers.
One of the greatest self-taught mathematicians of all-time, Srinivasa Ramanujan, grew up poor in Kumbakonam, India. An outstanding student known for his exceptional memory, Ramanujan’s ascent into the highest levels of mathematics began in 1903, at age 16, when he was able to borrow an outdated copy of an English textbook of advanced mathematics. Despite the book’s shortcomings, Ramanujan studied it obsessively, recording his work in notebooks that he carried with him everywhere. His passion for math actually hurt him in other areas of life; in 1904 he lost a scholarship to the University of Madras because he had no interest in any other academic work.
Despite being blind from birth and growing up in poverty, Stevie Wonder managed to become a skilled musician in early childhood, learning to write music, sing, and play the piano, organ, harmonica, and drums. In 1962, at age 12, he began recording music and performing professionally under the name Little Stevie Wonder. Although his stage name suggested a novelty child performer, he quickly established himself as a serious musician who combined creative songwriting and mastery of disparate styles of music including rhythm and blues, soul, funk, rock, and jazz
Blaise published his first original mathematical work, Essai pour les coniques. It was impressive enough to arouse the envy of René Descartes, who accused Étienne of writing the paper and passing it off as his son’s. Two years later Blaise invented a mechanical adding and subtracting device. It was the first calculating machine to be manufactured in significant numbers and the first to be used for business. In the 1640s and ’50s, Pascal established himself as one of Europe’s greatest mathematical and scientific minds, while also writing on religious and philosophical subjects.
Raised in an environment of constant chess practice, the Polgár sisters rocked the male-dominated world of competitive chess, forcing many to question the widespread assumption that male players were naturally superior. The eldest daughter, Susan, became the top-ranked female player in the world at age 15, and in January 1991 she was the first woman ever to earn a grandmaster rank calculated on the same basis as male players.
But she was soon eclipsed by the youngest Polgár sister, Judit. In December 1991 the 15-year-old Judit became the youngest player ever to earn the rank of grandmaster, breaking the record set by Bobby Fischer in 1958.