The latest data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) suggest that Kenya has the highest proportion of crypto-owning inhabitants than any other African country. To counter the growing use of cryptocurrencies, UNCTAD said it recommends the imposition of taxes that discourages crypto trading.
Out of the 20 countries that were surveyed, Australia was found to have the least percentage of its population (3.4%) that owned cryptocurrency in the said period.
Meanwhile, in a report on its findings, UNCTAD acknowledged that cryptocurrencies have grown in their popularity because they are “an attractive channel through which to send remittances.” The UN agency also said it found that middle-income individuals from inflation-hit developing countries own or hold cryptocurrencies because these are seen “as a way to protect household savings.”
However, based on its findings, the UNCTAD said it determined that “the use of cryptocurrencies may lead to financial instability risks.” In addition, their use potentially opens “a new channel for illicit financial flows.”
“Finally, if left unchecked, cryptocurrencies may become a widespread means of payment and even replace domestic currencies unofficially [a process called cryptoization], which could jeopardize the monetary sovereignty of countries. The use of stablecoins poses the greatest risks in developing countries with unmet demand for reserve currencies,” UNCTAD noted in the policy brief.
To minimize some of these risks, UNCTAD said it recommends “the mandatory registration of crypto-exchanges and digital wallets.” The agency also recommended imposing “entry fees for crypto-exchanges” or levying taxes on cryptocurrency trading. Doing this would make the use of cryptocurrencies less attractive, UNCTAD said. Other recommendations include restricting cryptocurrency advertisements and the issuing of a central bank digital currency (CBDC).
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